Resources by Subject Civil War

Reference Sources (Background)
Locating Books
Locating Articles (Databases & Indexes)
Film and Video
Evaluating Sources
Citing Sources

For additional sources relating to United States history, see the United States History and Biography pages.

Reference Sources (Background)

The following list gives some representative Civil War history reference sources and is not exhaustive.

Oxford Reference Online: History (current, full text)
Search reference books published by Oxford University Press. Includes A Dictionary of Contemporary World History, A Dictionary of World History, A Dictionary of Political Biography, and Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages among others.

Women During the Civil War: An Encyclopedia. (2004)
Ref. E628 .H37 2004

The Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference. (2002)
Ref. E468 .L58 2002

The Civil War and Reconstruction: A Student Companion. (2001)
Ref. E468 .B319 2001

Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. (2000)
Ref E468 .H47 2000

The Atlas of the Civil War. (2004)
Ref E468 .W754 2004

Who Was Who in the Civil War. (1988)
Ref E467 .S56 1988

Finding Books

Works on the Civil War are classed in E456 - E655.

The library's online catalog, providing access to books, journals, music, and movies in the library.

A catalog of books and other materials in libraries worldwide.

Books and articles not owned by our library can be obtained from other libraries through Interlibrary Loan. Allow sufficient time for processing. Average turnaround time is 3-5 days for articles and 3-14 days for books, excluding holidays and weekends. Submit ILL requests well in advance of deadlines.

Locating Articles (Databases & Indexes)

Academic Search Complete (1988 to present, some full-text)
Articles from selected popular magazines and scholarly journals in all disciplines.

OmniFile Full Text Mega (some full text; most 1994 to present, with some 1982 to present)
Articles from scholarly and popular sources in all disciplines.

Project MUSE (generally late 1990s to date)
Full-text database covering over 300 journals in the humanities, arts, and social sciences.

JSTOR (dates vary by journal, full text)
An archive of over 400 journals in many disciplines.

Civil War: A Newspaper Perspective  (November 1860 - April 1865)
Full-text and images of Civil War era newspapers.

Harp Week: The Civil War Era and Reconstruction (full text; 1857-1877)
Online edition of Harper's Weekly, a newspaper including editorials and illustrations.

Richmond Daily Dispatch (1860-1865)
Electronic full-text access to primary Richmond newspaper during Civil War years.

19th Century British Library Newspapers (full text; 1800-1900)
Full-text searchable editions with page images of nearly 50 newspapers from England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. In addition to articles, includes advertisements, classified ads, obituaries, editorials, etc.

Bibliography of Slavery and World Slaving (references only, 1900 to date)
Scholarly works in all academic disciplines on slavery and slaving, worldwide and throughout human history, including modern times.

Once you know which journals you need, search Journals A-Z to see if they are online or in the library.


Abraham Lincoln: A Resource Guide (Library of Congress)

American Civil War Homepage. (University of Tennessee)
Links to images, websites, biographical information, and historical documents.

Civil War Maps (Library of Congress, American Memory Project)

Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society.
Digital collection of images from the New-York Historical Society archival collection.

Index of Civil War Information
Index of links to Internet sources on wide variety of topics.

People, Places and Events of the Civil War

Selected Civil War Photographs (Library of Congress, American Memory Project)

The Valley of the Shadow. (Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia)
Compares and contrasts the Civil War experiences of people in Franklin County, Pennsylvania and Augusta County, Virginia through thousands of orginial documents.

Film and Video

American History In Video
Hundreds of hours of historical film footage compiled from commercial and governmental newsreels, archival footage, public affairs footage, and important documentaries on American history.

PBS Streaming Video Collection
Hundreds of hours of streaming video content from PBS, including programming from series such as Frontline, NOVA, and The American Experience.

Evaluating Sources

Evaluating Sources (R-MC)

Primary Sources versus Secondary Sources (R-MC)

Popular Sources versus Scholarly Sources (R-MC)

Critical Evaluation of Resources on the Internet (University of Alberta Libraries)

Citing Sources

Citing Full-Text from Library Databases (R-MC)

The Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)
Includes information and examples for MLA, APA, and Chicago styles.

KnightCite (Calvin College)
Automatically formats citation information according to MLA, APA, or Chicago styles.

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